1944 - Landung in der Normandie | Verschollene Filmschätze (4/5) | ARTE
At the beginning of June
in England, in a few days, 270,000 soldiers, mainly American, British and Canadian, boarded hundreds of ships, which were waiting for General Eisenhower's order to cross the English Channel and raid the Normandy coast. the largest military operation at sea and in the air ever staged codenamed Overlord the start of operation D-Day was postponed to June 5-6,
due to bad weather said to be over 3 million soldiers landed to rescue France and other European countries from Nazi tyranny liberation June 6 French coast is heavily bombarded since dawn fire rain is supposed to initiate German defense weaknesses then first landing craft the day D only a few cameramen and photographers accompany the soldiers on ships and planes during their assault but then there will be more than 200 never before have there been so many journalists mobilized for a military operation among those who have been guiding it for several months now is the great film director John Ford who he works for and what happened to the pictures that were taken on D-Day at great risk until June 5,
the day before D-Day is p o shortly before sunset around 8 p.m. these men are American paratroopers their average age is 22 they will jump into the Normandy hinterland that night a very dangerous mission they are tasked with stopping German reinforcements on their way to the coast that night you have just had the honor of a visit from the general eisenhower the supreme commander of the allied armies has traveled from portmarth in english where he has his headqu
arters pictures like these are mainly destined for american cinemas general eisenhower knows this so he is making a good figure even if everyone is very tense, Most of these paratroopers are still very young and this will be their baptism of fire.
Each one of them wears a strange look accessory. They wear a lanyard with a clicker around their necks. here's a copy if you press your thumb you hear two clicks someone responds with four clicks it's a skydiver if not be careful there is danger tonight everyone has a clicker and some photographers have also been ordered to take pictures the soldier confronting general Eisenhower lieutenant Wallace Strobel on the sign says the number of the plane in which he will board with his men, they are all very loaded down, they all carry 40 to 50 kilos or more, the cameramen will jump in too, but it will be dark soon so they can't film until the next day. on the wings and fuselage of the aircraft straighten white and s painted black stripes three white stripes and two black stripes allied aircraft will be easy to spot tomorrow night a total of 23 airfields will be used to transport 23,000 men to normandy this map shows the south of england from portmart and many other ports 5000 ships bound for France have 270,000 men on board when they approach the Normandy coast at dawn on June 6 the five sectors where the troops will land will be heavily bombarded then the first launch will be launched landing craft intended to be the American sectors Utah Beach and Omaha Beach around 6 o'clock and the British and Canadian sectors Gold Juno and Sword an hour later back to landing craft firing en route to Omaha Beach here will be the most dead today on board there are about 30 soldiers during the It is difficult to film the waves crossing the practice lness the fear to the fire of the Germans because the cameras only hold a minute of film, the cameraman has to be very economical and is only allowed to shoot for a few seconds, otherwise the film will run out. movement the boats seem to be approaching very quickly drive but their top speed is only 11 kilometers per hour the men are crammed on board for two sometimes three hours and nervous very nervous the first American units partly use British boats with British crews recognizable by their hulls the front is armored with small openings to the front and side the US ships are less protective of their soldiers a little later on Omaha beach in the course of the morning corpses swim in the water mist is coming from a curtain of artificial smoke that stretches for miles and is supposed to protect the landing soldiers the young cameraman David Roli who took these rare color photos the ehl commando stay aboard more photos were taken on the ground of these men fall in the rain of bullets again in slow motion here a soldier runs out of the water behind him spraying was before water from the fire soaps falls to the ground in front of him hit here another soldier has fallen he is trying to get up again it is very rare that such combat actions are filmed the cameraman is protected there is a rock wall right behind him he something else these stakes are among the innumerable obstacles erected by the German army hundreds of kilometers along the coast to repel an invasion at high tide they are covered by water so that the mines mounted on them cannot be seen, so the first units had to arrive at low tide starting at 6:30 a.m. m., thousands of sappers are among them the landing area to clear mines for the following troops and secure under enemy fire a very dangerous mission stop night once back you can clearly see that the men are trapped on the beach a advance is impossible a little later around 10 o'clock captain herman wall on omaha beach takes this photo that will become famous the photo on the left shows him leaving england he has several cages with him homing pigeons with him for being able to send his photos one by one he has already sent two pigeons when Wall lands on Omaher beach he takes this photo and then he is seriously injured Wall is taken away that same night the last photos from a camera are secured we are in the beach sector from Juno about 40 kilometers east of Oma during storm attacks filming is almost impossible here the camera rotates by itself it is fixed on the boat and the boat driver activates it so that one Se record a minute of filming without a cameraman those who land here are Canadians shortly before in the first wave of attack 65 soldiers fell within which minutes the town of Bernier will be liberated around 9 a.m. m. at the beginning of this roll of film this panel appears filmed before the camera is attached to the ship on top it is a special facility the intelligence service oss and us navy usn are the clients for the recordings reel number 27 army stat es a close associate of John Ford right at the beginning of film reel 26 we see both reels at the same time these shots were filmed by two landing ships and show the arrival at Bernier at almost the same moment in fact there are hundreds of so called automatic cameras , but the results are very disappointing errors when the film removal technique is activated.
Damage from bullets or water penetration. Therefore, these are almost the only usable rolls of film. Example
It's virtually impossible to record sound during combat but for years it's been retrospective to put music on for more impact installing hundreds of cameras on the landing craft and the tanks it was the director's idea John Ford Ford is following operations from a ship in front of Omaha beach this June 6th, another Hollywood great is the director George Stevens the Belfast cruise ship on the way to Normandy here we see him in a landing craft in front of the town of Bernier and Stevens must coordinate the work of all the cameramen who were deployed for Operation Overlord because today the first recordings from the various sectors are scheduled to be quickly collected for the states of Omaha. document delivery time is 10 a.m. m. the same applies to Juno and Jutta the order is that all recordings must be taken to a specially provided ship then transported to the English coast from mod ports go immediately to the Ministry of Information in London Films and photos are censored before release They reach the press and reach the cinema operators in London this morning.
The first official success story of General Eisenhower will be broadcast on the radio. These listeners were filmed in a room of the Ministry of Information. We hear the last few sentences of General Eisenhower's speech from the message. Then it is commented. on the record victoriously and justice possible General Eisenhower had prepared a second message as a precaution in case the operation failed back to the eastern part of Omaha beach the water is very high now it is about 10 am. m. at the bottom of the cliff are the paramedics attending to the wounded the cameraman is accompanied by a photographer this cooperation as a team of two was imposed by the military still in the same sector of omaha we see these images again in slow motion a rescue of shipwrecked the man being held by two soldiers has been photographed his name is nicolas rossin he is 31 years old and a sapper the man on the left with the white semicircle on his helmet is also a sapper the same situation a little later all these photos were taken by this team from the P unit two cameramen and three photographers the youngest is only 23 years old they are together with the sappers landed on omaha beach back to berlin here the two automatic cameras got good results the town is now almost liberated with hands up two well guarded prisoners move towards the cameraman he is canadian his name is bill grant 29 this is the roll 29 of film that Bill Grant has used since he landed in England at the Bernier train station we see German prisoners with their backs to the camera also Canadians and a civilian with an American flag is the warden of the small bombed out train station we see the last images again in slow motion, the American flag of the station chief may still be from the first world war he picks up a German helmet and throws it to the ground the boy on the left followed by a little dog his name is Jacques Martha his parents' house just caught fire to remember this 6 june
long still in bernière journalist bill grant films more prisoners are being searched by british military police a canadian soldier walks past the prisoners again the canadian appears to be staring at the camera stop this photo shows you on the right of the picture together with a prisoner is kibeck sergeant rosea vom Regi ment of the chaudia in a week will fall 20 kilometers from here these color shots are taken a little later in the morning also in Barnier this time the team of director George Stevens is filming in front of the train station Stevens stages a shot with the French flag a little back on the clock is it 10 o'clock again? stevens la h Here, next to the camera, each exposed roll of film is placed in a metal can like this.
The small tins are wrapped in white tape and sent in a bag like this one to London, where they will be revealed as soon as possible in front of a restaurant. George Stevens. on the right he is chatting with a civilian and here is a better view of a soldier It is blasphemous Hemingway the younger brother of the writer Ernest Hemingway who is also on a boat off Omaha Beach on the other side of the Atlantic The first messages arrived on that o'clock tonight it is now 9 o'clock 25 on the front of the new york times an illuminated advertisement announces french coast under heavy it is about the bombing before the landings in new york and special services are being held elsewhere the mayor of new york , Fiorello Lagardia, speaks to 50,000 people in Times Square that day the Marseilles sang the cameraman later in the day accompanies the paramedic teams that will land west of Omaha in the American sector of Utah Beach they bring many wearing at one point the stripes white horizontal lines on their helmets indicate they are non-commissioned officers at utah beach the number of casualties on June 6 will be high 200 Americans dead Wounded and missing, but in omaha beach casualties are ten times higher when german soldiers are captured photographers and cameramen are instructed to take pictures all prisoners are loaded onto ships and transported to england where huge camps have been set up it is not possible to take them here guard ups back again there was a shot or a mine exploded everywhere there are minefields that engineers have to clear just a few miles from Jutta Beach these rare aerial photos show an area where paratroopers jumped on the night German troops flood them the kotentar peninsula deliberately flooded several heavily laden paratroopers drowned we are very close to the town of san marcouf today D the battle of Normandy also begins over the next three months it will cost the lives of 140,000 allied and german soldiers as French civilians back these soldiers carry the insignia of the 1st Division 100 on the left arm erdo were the ones that General Eisenhauer visited the night before this little conversation with two children was filmed and photographed the insignia of the paratrooper is not recognizable it was painted on white before he went to thenewspapers in the film the insignia is clearly visible in the lower left corner the town sign in the film we can read samarkhof was also censored but in this photo a simple precautionary measure has been blurred to prevent the german wehrmacht receiving information from the press A few days later, General Eisenhower's staff already made a first film about the landing on June 6 Here are some excerpts from this This 33-minute compilation was made especially for the heads of state Winston Churchill Franklin Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin The The film shows how the British n American and Canadian forces land in all five sectors.
There is no music or war sounds added later because these recordings are not intended for the public. The movie only contains a few sentences of commentary. However, she was deceived. A small look at the landscape on the beaches. that's not Normandy these photos were taken two months earlier in april during military exercises in England at slapton sands and elsewhere the photographers also trained there an attraction for children in the area these photos were taken on June 6,
the film it was long considered missing and was only found again in 2014, a few days after D-Day on Oma beach hab here, as well as on the other beaches, troops from England constantly land on the horizon, numerous ships are lined up, it is assumed that they must break the waves and weaken the current until an artificial harbor is built in the next three months nate will arrive on the beaches of Normandy more than two million soldiers and four million tons of material an unprecedented organization on June 6,
only a few cameramen and photographers were able to land but soon there will be more than 250 taking pictures of the liberation of Normandy some Some will join the troops follow Germany