Eine stellare Entdeckung bricht alle bisherigen Rekorde in der Astronomie!
war pandemic and inflation the year 2022 has not really presented itself from its best side so far, the fact that the past few months have embodied the exact opposite for the world of astronomical research seems all the more remarkable, therefore, a few weeks ago we were allowed to take the first breathtaking pictures with the james webb telescope marvel at which give us a foretaste of all the cosmic secrets that need to be deciphered in a timely manner. moreover, the experts were able to track down the most distant and therefore oldest known galaxy at all space maps what the story of the discovery of erento is all about and what we have been able to find out about the dazzlingly bright celestial body you can find out in today's video you can take part in the groundbreaking discoveries and the breath then remember to subscribe to the simple space and click on the bell to regularly learn more about these exciting topics with a thumbs up you motivate us and show that we can inform you with the content of our videos stellar sensation in the beginning was the big bang according to the cosmological standard models, space, time and matter emerged from an original singularity about 13.8 billion years ago, although the term big bang sounds extremely martial, it was not a question of a spectacular explosion in an existing space, but actually this also only arose during the hour of birth of the cosmos, just 900 million years after the big bang, a star in a distant galaxy began to shine brightly and a few months ago, the astronomers actually managed to put that relic from the early days of the cosmos on the forehead maps add in addition to the scientific designation whl 0137 ls, the celestial body is also known by the more catchy name rande, this word has its roots in old english and translates as something like rising light or morning star, but how is it actually possible to put such an old celestial body in the confusing to discover the vastness of the cosmos, the answer to this question is usually not at all, since such old stars have already lost large parts of their original luminosity, it is in most cases impossible to identify them unless a natural helper intervenes among the experts the arms in detail meant the fascinating gravitational lens effect that has made many an object visible that our jewish research view would otherwise have eluded forever albert einstein already predicted this exciting phenomenon in the 1930s and we now know that the world beca nnte physicists should once again be right, at its core, the gravitational lens effect is the deflection of light by large masses, which means that the light from a more distant source, such as that of a star, is influenced by an apparently present object of the gravitational lens the closer the light beams pass the mass that is in the foreground for the observer, the more they are deflected towards the mass, however, the gravitational lens is not able to produce a real image with the corresponding light distribution, it is rather a so-c
alled chaos tick, which actually can this phenomenon also goes hand in hand with the generation of multiple images for this reason the so-c
alled a stone cross greets four times from the firmament although it is actually just a quasi-radiant giant in the constellation pegasus in the recent research past became the gravitation ion lens effect also used to detect individual stars that are far away, however, for a long time this solar search for clues was subject to a kind of set limit, namely everything that was more than nine billion light years away from earth eluded our view and the distance between rendel and ours is therefore more remarkable blue home planet power its radiated light needed no less than 12.9 billion years to reach our eternal eye taking into account the constant expansion of the cosmos, however, the celestial body would not be 12.9 but a whole 28 billion light years away from us fortunately a galaxy cluster in the in the foreground the starlight thousands of times so that this source could be recognized on the images of the hubble space telescope but what were the scientists able to find out about the background of the single star that is most distant from us in this regard it is considered probable that d he researchers have woken up a true stellar giant the original mass of rendel is likely to have exceeded that of our sun at least 50 times that of our sun, however, the conclusion that these enormous dimensions were the fatality of the celestial body in a timely manner probably exploded a few years after its birth in the course of an explosive supernova, however, the secluded places still have many renzel ready this applies in the course of future research on ventilation, the james webb telescope will continue to observe r andel's in the coming months and intensify it, among other things, the question should be clarified whether the celestial body possibly once belonged to a binary system, although it is not very probable, it is also conceivable that apple embodied a star of the so-c
alled population three, i.e. that it was largely composed of that original helium and hydrogen that came from the oldest galaxy, the big bang ien from ancient single stars to even older galaxies in the course of the year 2022, the experts managed to discover two of the oldest known star clusters the first cosmic glimpse into the past leads us to hd 1 as announced on april 7th in the astrophysical journal this galaxy was formed 330 million years after the birth of the cosmos ghd 1 was added to the location maps, however, a long research path had to be completed the object had to be located in a collection of 700,000 other astronomical structures 1200 hours of observation later it was clear that we are indeed dealing with one of the oldest known structures at all however this stunning discovery should also be accompanied by some big question marks in the detail hd 1 emits an unexpectedly strong ultraviolet radiation this circumstance indicates that in the remote gal axie play or rather play extremely high-energy processes because at least we see hd1 as it presented itself 13 5 billion years ago but what could be the background to the conspicuous radiation? in this regard, scientists can currently only speculate. on the one hand, it is conceivable that the uv radiation can be attributed to a high rate of star formation in contrast to younger stars, the glistening celestial bodies from the primeval times of the cosmos were significantly hotter and heavier, which would explain the extreme radiation values. another explanation is based on the fact that the center of hd 1 was targeted by a supermassive black hole we now know that this applies to almost every galactic heart, including our milky way, sagittarius are no exception. as is well known, the incomparably compact structures are known for their insatiable hunger as a result of the gigantic amounts of gas like the black hole in hd 1 consumed, high-energy photons could have been released in the immediate areas, which went hand in hand with the measured uv radiation. in order to be able to explain the corresponding values, the gravity monster would have to have exceeded the mass of our sun by a factor of 120 million if this thesis is confirmed in the context of future investigations, the researchers would have tracked down the most distant and therefore oldest, i.e. active, galaxy nuclei and in this case, too, the hopes of the experts are once again pinning on the future use of the james webb space telescope, which is specially designed for infrared astronomy designed to study the earliest luminous formations in the universe track 13 as just mentioned hd1 was formed about 330 million years after the big bang thanks to the first images taken by the james webb telescope you we know that the galaxy track 13 has been around for 30 million years at this point ears from the firmament largest, making it the current record holder in the category of oldest star clusters, according to which the niag m the ten billion dollar device provides a breathtaking insight into the galactic time but that's not all in the course of the evaluation of the first web deep fields, in addition to gleis since 13, the galaxy gleis 11, which is 100 million years younger, has also been identified. the analysis of the light spectrum again provided some exciting insights into these ancient structures, so we know that both galaxies are each home to about a billion solar masses of stars and have lengths of 1,600 or 2300 light years, what at first glance still assumed to be unimaginably large dimensions turns out to be surprisingly small when compared with younger galaxies. the size of our native milky way is given as over 17,000 light years, the experts were all the more surprised en in view of the fact that track 11 and 13 were extremely active despite their relatively small size, just like in the case of hd 1, extreme uv radiation should also be registered here before the discovery of glass z 11, scientists had suspected that such early star accumulations lumpy and chaotically designed, however, the detailed investigation showed that even the most renowned astronomers can be proud of. in fact, the spectrum researched indicates that this clock already possessed that characteristic disc shape that we find in so many of its younger counterparts to give all the background to the fascinating However, to disclose accumulations, the collection of further data is essential, because the experts actually point out that the knowledge gained so far is based on the first speed recordings of a completely new type of space telescope, which is why errors cannot currently be completely ruled out However, since the galactic light signatures were very clearly detected in all filter channels of the niag m, the experts are optimistic that their basic statements correspond to reality and now your opinion is asked what do you think about the exciting discovery of rn and what do you think you of the ancient galaxies, which were also added to the forehead cards this year, write us your thoughts, your suggestions and your feedback on today's contribution, but as always, simply write us in the comments below you are interested in more exciting videos about the topic of space at the end we would like to take a look at the other contributions of our channel, which he can access by clicking on one of the pictures here in the credits, thank you very much for watching, have a good time and see you next time