Buzz World 365 Logo

How Israel became the most advanced country in agriculture

Aug 23, 2022

How Israel became the most advanced country in agriculture

In the early 19th century, the first settlers who decided to settle in the lands of

Israel

faced a great challenge: how to farm in sweltering heat and minimal rainfall. The land was catastrophically barren, but the desire to make this area habitable was much stronger. Ways have been found to develop

agriculture

without water and fertile soil. How did

Israel

manage to become the capital of

advanced

technologies in this area? We will find out in this video about the innovative technology channel. The scarcity of water has been and continues to be a problem that humanity has. faced throughout history, but if before a relatively small part of the world's population suffered from a lack of water, in the last century this problem has reached a global scale.
how israel became the most advanced country in agriculture
The terrifying trend was confirmed by an official study of the global water crisis. At the beginning of the last century, only 14 percent of the world's population, which is more than 200 million people, lived in areas with some degree of water scarcity. By the 1980s, this proportion had risen to 42 and in the 2000s had risen to 58 percent 3.8 billion people suffered from water scarcity more than a billion of them lived in areas experiencing severe water scarcity mainly in south and east asia north africa and the middle east for

israel

al

most

half of whose territory is occupied by deserts the problem of water extraction has also been serious at all times for a long time the main source of fresh water was lake kinneret in 1952 the new state began to build a system national water supply system a network of pipes canals and reservoirs for the supply of water from natural reservoirs and lake kinared in particular simultaneously the construction of hundreds of wells for the Extraction of water from underground aquifers began in the

country

, however, despite significant successes in the fight for fresh water, it was still not enough to meet the agricultural needs of the state in the midst of a rapidly expanding population and a booming industry. facing a new challenge over the years the

country

's average rainfall has decreased and water resources have been depleted facing new challenges the

israel

i government decided to turn its attention to the mediterranean sea as a new main source of water for

agriculture

today fifty percent of

israel

's total water consumption is desalinated sea water however the

country

also uses other unique technologies for the sustainable development of

agriculture

israel

has made great progress in the so called recycled water technology it is about of reusing water for irrigation of agricultural land by recycling wastewater since the 2000s the

country

has invested over $750 million in centralized water treatment this added 37 billion gallons per year to the

country

's total water production there are currently 67 large wastewater treatment plants in

israel

10 of which treat more than 56 percent percent of the

country

's wastewater collection in the sam Once the largest water treatment company is the lynchpin of the wastewater treatment plant, the United Nations-named model plant treats 97 million gallons of water Tel Aviv urban waste per day.
how israel became the most advanced country in agriculture
The water from the sewage system undergoes secondary and tertiary biological treatment and is then transported through a pipeline to irrigate 60% of the agricultural land in the negev desert without exaggeration

israel

can be considered the world leader in the treatment of wastewater in comparison in the united states only 10 percent of the water is recycled while in

israel

this proportion reaches al

most

90 percent this is what gilad erdan the former minister of strategic affairs and public diplomacy of

israel

and now ambassador of

israel

in the united states today nearly 90 percent of our wastewater is recycled, that is about four times more than in any other

country

in the world, this is a remarkable achievement and benefits not only

israel

israel

i companies help to save water around the world from africa to california to india another technology without which

israel

would never have turned deserts into gardens f flourishing is drip irrigation instead of flooding fields with large amounts of water and fertilizer

Israel

i hydraulic engineer sim hablas in 1956 proposed a way to deliver moisture and fertilizer literally drop by drop directly to the roots of plants this technology was completely born accidentally noticing that one tree was more lush than the others in the backyard explosion dug into the ground near the tree trunk and discovered that water was dripping from the damaged pipe and falling directly to the roots, it took blas and his team years in taking the idea to its logical conclusion, but ultimately, the drip system helped restart

agriculture

in

israel

and 109 other countries around the world, from sugarcane fields in the Philippines to tea plantations in tanzania, the technology

Israel

i drip irrigation is not only flexible stabilized polyethylene hoses with drippers that equalize the flow of water throughout the entire pipeline, the system includes devices for water purification and filtration, accessories for distributing water throughout the field, as well as equipment for dissolving and dosing fertilizers and, of course, automatic with drip irrigation, water flows to all plants evenly and in it the leaves and stems of the plants do not get wet, there is no danger of spreading fungal infections and the surface of the soil between the rows of plants remains dry, which prevents the growth of weeds, says the

Israel

i company netafim founded by blast who developed this irrigation method. that the technology saves 25 to 75 percent of pumped water compared to classical irrigation, so fewer fertilizers and pesticides are used in the water, as a result, not only are yields increased, but they are also less exposed to chemical contamination of aquifers.
how israel became the most advanced country in agriculture
The system works in such a way that half the water used for irrigation produces twice the yield at the same time as the coefficient of useful water er use the ratio between the water absorbed by a plant and that used for irrigation with drip irrigation is of approximately 95 with irrigation by surface 45 and with irrigation by aspersion 75 a significant part of

israel

is located in one of the driest regions of the planet but it is not only the lack of moisture that threatens

agriculture

in this region the soil in

israel

it also cannot be called absolutely suitable for

agriculture

on such soil the root system of plants does not develop strong enough as a result of which the plant receives less nutrients and gives a lower yield this problem is combated in

israel

with the help of useful fungi there are many species in nature and

most

of them form mutually beneficial relationships with plants the so called mycorrhizal fungi exp effectively walk the root system of plants with the help of mycelium a network of long microscopic filaments called hyphae, the surface area of ​​the mycelium can be up to a hundred times that of the plant root in this second The root system waves it absorbs moisture and valuable nutrients that would not normally be available to the plant for

Israel

i farmers.
how israel became the most advanced country in agriculture
This is the perfect solution to increase yields in an environmentally friendly and absolutely safe way with dynamic population growth in regions with insufficient water supply. the battle for humidity seems to be a new reality that we will have to face in the next decades that is why the technology used in

israel

and exported to other countries could save millions of people in the driest places on earth a supply system of recycled water seawater desalination technologies drip irrigation all of this works perfectly in one

country

and allows

israel

to not worry about water and food shortages despite climate change and a growing population will other countries be able to adapt all these technologies as effectively as

israel

did in its unequal battle with In the desert, will these technologies help stop global migration when water scarcity in certain regions? ns becomes threatening, only time will tell what you think about this, share your opinion in the comments under the foreign video
how israel became the most advanced country in agriculture
Trending