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How Israel became the most advanced country in agriculture

Aug 23, 2022

How Israel became the most advanced country in agriculture

In the early 19th century, the first settlers who decided to settle in the lands of

Israel

faced a great challenge of how to cultivate crops under conditions of sweltering heat and minimal rainfall. The land was catastrophically barren, but the desire to make this area habitable was much stronger therefore ways were found to develop

agriculture

without water and fertile soil how exactly

Israel

managed to become the capital of

advanced

technologies in this field we learn in this video about the innovative technology channel water scarcity has been and still is a problem mankind has faced throughout history, but if previously a relatively small part of the world's population suffered from water shortages, then in the last century this problem has reached a global scale that is frightening Trend was confirmed by an official study on the global water crisis, which scientists found at the beginning of the last century, only 14 percent of the world's population, that is more than 200 million people, lived in a In areas with a certain degree of water scarcity, this proportion was in the 1980s years to 4 2 and increased to 58 percent in the 2000s. 3.8 billion people were affected by water scarcity east asia north africa and the middle east for

israel

, al

most

half of which is deserts for

israel

the issue of water abstraction has also been acute for a long time the

most

important source of fresh water was lake kinneret in 1952 the new state began to build up of a national water supply system a network of pipelines, canals and reservoirs for the supply of water from natural reservoirs and kinar lakes, the construction of hundreds of wells for the extraction of water from underground aquifers began in the

country

at the same time, despite significant Despite the successes in the struggle Fresh water was still insufficient to meet the state's agricultural needs amidst a rapidly growing city population and booming industry

Israel

faces a new challenge Over the years, the

country

's average rainfall has declined and its water resource has declined n are exhausted in the face of new challenges, the

Israel

i government decided to turn its attention to the Mediterranean Sea as the new main source of water for

agriculture

Today, fifty percent of

Israel

's total water consumption is desalinated seawater, but the

country

also uses other unique technologies for the sustainable development of

agriculture

.
how israel became the most advanced country in agriculture

Israel

has made tremendous strides in so-called recycled water technology, which involves reusing water to irrigate agricultural land Wastewater recycling Since the 2000s, the

country

has invested over $750 million in centralized water treatment. This has increased the

country

's total water production by 37 billion gallons per year. There are currently 67 major wastewater treatment plants in

Israel

, 10 of which treat more than 56 percent of the water state sewage collection at sam The largest water treatment company is the shaft-on sewage treatment plant. The plant, which has been designated a model by the United Nations, cleans 97 million gallons of Tel Aviv's municipal wastewater every day.
how israel became the most advanced country in agriculture
Water from the sewage system undergoes secondary biological and tertiary treatment, and then passes through a pipeline to irrigate 60 agricultural lands in the Negev desert.

Israel

can, without exaggeration, be considered the world leader in wastewater treatment. Compared to the United States, only 10 percent of water is recycled , while in

israel

that percentage is approaching 90 percent here is what gilad erdan the former minister of strategic affairs and public diplomacy of

israel

and now ambassador of

israel

to the united states advocated for this today nearly 90 percent of our wastewater is recycled, that's about four times over more than any other

country

in the world this is a remarkable achievement and it is not only benefiting

israel

israel

i companies are helping around the world, from africa to california and india to save water another technology without which

israel

would never have turned deserts into thriving gardens is t drip irrigation instead of flooding the fields with huge amounts of water and fertilizer.
how israel became the most advanced country in agriculture
In 1956,

Israel

i hydraulic engineer Sim Hablas proposed a way to add moisture and fertilizer literally drop by drop right at the roots of plants. This technology came about entirely by accident when they found that one tree was more lush than the others in the backyard, they blew up the soil in the near the tree trunk and found that water was dripping from the damaged pipe and falling directly onto the pipe. It took Blas and his team years to bring the idea to its logical conclusion, but ultimately the drip system helped

agriculture

in

Israel

and 109 other countries around the world, from sugar cane fields in the Philippines to tea plantations in Tanzania, not only flexible hoses made of stabilized polyethylene with drips that equalize the flow of water along the entire length of the pipeline The system includes equipment for water purification and filtration, fittings for water distribution on the F eld, as well as devices for dissolving and dosing fertilizers and, of course, automatics with drip irrigation water flows evenly and evenly to all plants volumes leaves and stems of plants do not get wet there is no risk of the spread of fungal infections and the soil surface between the rows of plants remains dry what that By preventing weed growth, Blast-founded

Israel

i company netafim, which developed this irrigation method, claims that the technology saves 25 to 75 percent of the water pumped compared to traditional irrigation, as a result of which less water is used, fertilizers and pesticides are not only used as a result, but they also increase yields are also less exposed to the chemical stresses of aquifers, the system works in such a way that Half the water used for irrigation produces twice the yield while maintaining the useful water coefficient With drip irrigation g, the ratio of water absorbed by a plant to the water used for irrigation is about 95, surface irrigated 45, and sprinkler irrigated 75.
how israel became the most advanced country in agriculture
Much of

Israel

lies in one of the driest regions on earth, but it's not just the shortage due to humidity, which threatens

agriculture

in this region, the soil in

israel

cannot be described as absolutely suitable for cultivation either. on such soil the root system of plants does not develop strongly enough, as a result of which the plant receives less nutrients and gives less yield this problem is combated in

israel

with the help of beneficial fungi there are many species in nature and

most

of them form mutually beneficial relationships With plants the so-called mycorrhizal fungi effectively expand the root system of plants with the help of mycelium, a network of long microscopic threads called hyphae, the surface area of ​​the mycelium can be up to a hundred times larger than that of the plant root itself at that second ondary root system absorbs moisture and valuable nutrients that the plant would not normally have available for

israel

i farmers, this is the perfect solution for increasing yields in an environmentally friendly and absolutely safe way in regions with insufficient water supply, given dynamic population growth to be the new reality we must face in the coming decades.
how israel became the most advanced country in agriculture
Because of this, the technology used in

Israel

and exported to other countries could save millions of people in the driest places on earth making water and food scarce, other countries will be able to adapt all of these technologies as effectively as

israel

has in its unequal struggle with the desert, these technologies will help halt global migration when water shortages exist in certain regions ns is threatening only time will tell what you think of it please share your opinion in the comments under the video strange
how israel became the most advanced country in agriculture
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