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How this seawater desalination technology will change the world

Aug 23, 2022

How this seawater desalination technology will change the world

Water Without water, the life of a plant, animal or human is unthinkable. Ironically, despite the huge amount of water on Earth, access to fresh water is getting more difficult every year, partial

desalination

plants are supposed to solve

this

problem, but existing plants pollute nature and consume too much electricity, and only recently a new

technology

of

seawater

desalination

has emerged, which can

change

the

world

. Thanks According to experts, the volume of renewable fresh water is estimated at 40 000 cubic kilometers or 16 billion standard pools. Of

this

volume, humanity takes only 10 percent and consumes only five percent of water where do the drinking water problems come from then it comes to the uneven distribution of

this

life-giving moisture, above all, it is concentrated in the Latin America region, accounting for almost 30 percent of the

world

's reserves and in Asia, where Another 25 percent are in Africa, and South Asia, home to more than 3 billion people.
how this seawater desalination technology will change the world
Access to drinking water is severely hampered by a lack of infrastructure for the extraction and distribution of such a valuable resource, but worst of all are the countries of the Arabian Peninsula, where there are huge oil deposits, but practically no fresh water, so it is not surprising that the

world

's largest

seawater

desalination

plants are concentrated there, so in Kuwait more than 254 million cubic meters of water are desalinated annually, more than 889 gigawatt hours are spent on it what

this

resource in the country and in makes the region quite expensive Rivers and lakes exacerbate the problem of drinking water Without the oil revenues, it would be unlikely that Kuwait could have supplied its entire population with a much-needed resource Israel is another example One of the largest

desalination

plants Sorac is located 15 kilometers from Tel Aviv uses reverse osmosis

technology

, The unit collects

seawater

and passes it under pressure through a semi-permeable membrane making it suitable for everyday use.
how this seawater desalination technology will change the world
Zurich's capacity is 624,000 cubic meters of water per day, but there are plans to add a second Soric 2 unit with a capacity of 548,000 cubic meters per day day to build. Larger

desalination

plant under development Built in the United Arab Emirates near the town of Umal Kawain, the plant

will

overtake its Israeli competitor in reverse osmosis

technology

with a capacity of 682,000 cubic meters of water per day. Work is scheduled to begin in fall 2022 and

will

cost nearly $800 million. The project

will

be built by the Gajuba Group. An international Chinese engineering company. However, Saudi Arabia has the most problems with water, since it has a large territory with many deserts, scorching sun and a small number of rivers and reservoirs.
how this seawater desalination technology will change the world
The country is doomed to carefully develop its water supply strategy For the people and the economy, fortunately, Saudi Arabia, with its money and scientists, was able to implement several plans to address

this

problem and the scam The construction of the innovative city of Neom was meant to be the culmination of the overall strategy. The news of the creation of a fundamentally new city of neon was announced by Prince Mohammed bin Salman in 2017. The city named New Future should become the first in the

world

in terms of introducing innovative technologies in all sectors, energy education, manufacturing, sports nutrition and, of course, water, the territory of the city complex

will

be an area of ​​26,500 square kilometers in the north-west of the country, which is to Two-thirds of the allocated land bordering Egypt, Jordan and the Red Sea

will

not be urbanized

This

is done so that nature is only a five-minute drive from the metropolis.
how this seawater desalination technology will change the world
The Prince also promised that neon

will

be independent of the existing state system and that the energy

will

be fully utilized

will

be renewable. work is currently underway After planning the first construction of the city and attracting specialists, the estimated cost of the project is $ 500 billion, which has already been allocated in advance The first part of the work should be completed by 2025, and by 2030 hopes the prince that already 1 million people

will

live there. However, a problem with access to drinking water remains. Saudi Arabia is home to four of the 10 largest

desalination

plants, with capacities ranging from 600 000 to 1 million cubic meters of water, covering fifty percent of the population's needs.
how this seawater desalination technology will change the world
The plants mainly use classic distillation technologies, the transformation of water and

desalination

, which then condenses back into pure water the downside of such technologies is the large power requirement, so the largest installation in the company requires 2400 megawatts of installed power, which is equivalent to two blocks of a nuclear power plant a high concentration of salts and minerals, if we do not carry out the process of its disposal, then

this

concentrate can poison rivers, lakes and even seas and destroy all living things, but it is not for nothing that neum has set itself the goal of using innovative technologies in all areas.
how this seawater desalination technology will change the world
Neomes Water Solution Company came up with its own approach to

seawater

desalination

that in the future could completely

change

the Arabian Peninsula and then the

world

The

technology

to be used in Neom, like everything ingenious, is pretty simple and fun. Engineers proposed building huge spherical structures in which

seawater

would be fed. Solar concentrators placed around the sphere

will

capture the sun's rays and direct them to the dome to heat it up. The hot dome vaporizes the water, which is then extracted and condensed into a usable resource. In

this

case, the remaining salt concentrate is extracted and processed to obtain useful substances such as lithium.
The prototype of such an installation is the Sun solar complex in Uzbekistan, which was put into operation in 1987 and the solar furnace was able to raise the temperature in the process tower to 3000 degrees Celsius in just a few seconds, at the same time the operation of the tower is completely safe for nature and the temperature level can be easily modified by deflecting part of the mirror to one side, however, the project itself is entirely research focused and brings no commercial benefits by creatively refining

this

idea Water Solution Company looks further The units provide a way to generate environmentally friendly hydrogen win, which for industry and oil refining requires a variety of salts and minerals from the brine to produce a nutrient mixture that is used, for example, in hydroponics such high-tech farms of the future are already being fully implemented in Sing When the neon project is successful, hab Here we have the chance to slightly

change

the global drinking water problem for the better.
Let's hope and wait
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