Panik vor Putin | Doku HD | ARTE
The Baltic Sea is a small, cold and fairly flat sea that for a long time remained in the hands of fishermen and amber traders. Since the Middle Ages, the inland sea has been one of the most important economic hubs in Europe and today one of the main hotspots of global geopolitics 8 European countries border the Baltic Sea Germany Denmark Sweden Finland Estonia Latvia Lithuania Poland and then there is Russia and its enclave of Kaliningrad wedged between Poland and Lithuania these seemingly peaceful prosperous cities bear witness to a long history and The only one written successively by the Vikings, the Knights of the Teutonic Order and the Hanseatic League of Baltic Merchants followed local wars and annexations, tsars and kings Stalin and the Nazis, extermination and repeatedly redraw borders, the Iron Curtain and NATO and up there Russia, the always impassable giant, with the end of the USSR, the Russians lost power in the Baltic region Po lo s Baltic states East Germany all ex-communist countries turned west the new Russia experienced this reorganization the dissolution of the Soviet empire as a humiliation today a cause for concern Estonia March 2022 three weeks after the Russian invasion of Ukraine 300 French soldiers perished in Tallinn together with other European units to strengthen the defense of the Baltic States are all under the command of NATO the alleged archenemy of neighboring Russia current world war or not in the Baltic States the Russian invasion of Ukraine has caused a shock wave are Estonia and its two Baltic neighbors next on the Kremlin list our presence here is intended to be a total deterrent so preemptive and non-aggressive it is about telling our ethnic comrades that we support them in defending their country since 2017 there are security forces NATO in the three bal states ict estonia latvia and lithuania president also in polon ia since the war in ukraine this presence has been strengthened we have changed from a purely deterrent attitude to a defensive formation more and more troops are arriving but the increased presence of nato was mainly aimed at teaching our armies how to conduct defense territorial in the Baltic countries kerstinight belongs to the new generation of women at the head of a country on the Baltic Sea such as Estonia Latvia Lithuania Finland Denmark Sweden and also in Norway on the day the allied flags were hoisted on the military base in Tobacco was hoisted i was there to welcome the soldiers to the units of the largest presence in nato were french british and they and even iceland made a contribution and somehow i got the feeling that moscow didn't like these pictures i'm not convinced that we not worry and that NATO will protect us, on the other hand, I have to continue adapting the NATO nature of the Treaty of North Atlantic was signed in the US in 1949 to counter any attack by the Soviet Union on a Western European member country Moscow's response was the founding of Warsaw Park the ever-state of two blocks and an iron curtain but at that time the soviet baltic was not just a place of confrontation in my childhood the baltic sea was basically synonymous with summer vacation pictures of carefree vacations cover everyday life under the communist yoke i also remember that the baltic sea doesn't really banish to the people but it separated them it was one more border of the confrontation of the cold war in Poland they were monitored by the army at night to prevent anyone trying to flee or cross the sea without being noticed on the shores of the Baltic Sea, old bunkers still remind us of decades of militarization that turned 18 in 1989 was exactly the time communism ended in Poland and world fell ro in Berlin everything was changing I remember the loot, so it was a joint demonstration of the three Baltic states that we exist and that we could be side by side On the other hand, the communists in Moscow did not like it, of course, but they could not do nothing about it because the Soviet Union was so weak, a strong signal to the rest of the world that it was really making a difference and I was a part of it. at that time i was on the border between estonia and latvia i remember an estonian choir marching from estonia across the border to latvia and i saw a song that was banned during soviet times we were no longer afraid of anyone the life of estonians people , the life of my generation changed that day when we were radically free and were allowed to say and do what we wanted to do business leave the country n and return Freedom has its price since independence in 1991 the baltic states fear their great neighbor russia decide seeking a connection with the western world which of course has welcomed it since the fall of the wall the Warsaw Pact is history NATO on the other hand, has grown as it now has members from 30 countries, including 21 from the European Union, soon Sweden and Finland will also join NATO, representing a real revolution for the two hitherto decidedly neutral or semi-neutral countries and a provocation for R usia , towards it our course was oriented so as not to be left alone, so we joined all kinds of Western institutions and organizations.
The year 2004 culminated with the incorporation into the European Union and NATO, also or precisely because we are geographically on the edge of the European Union, we have to be at the center of Europe in the decision-making processes According to the old adage, if you don't sit at a table, you are afraid that your heart and hair will be eaten on the menu, and the pronounced desire for independence has given the Baltic countries a seat at the center of European power. structure, always with an eye on the feared neighbor Russia a bit off, that concretely means making sure that the other side, the Russian Federation, knows that NATO is ready to fight in Estonia from day one, we wanted there to be no room for many calculations in people's minds in a specific one to be precise Head in the thriller an avalanche of images intends to sway public opinion on both sides not only NATO but also Russia is conducting more and more large-scale maneuvers scale taking place above all in Kaliningrad, the Russian enclave on the Baltic Sea between Poland and Lithuania Kaliningrad the former part of East Prussia became part of the Soviets in 1946 offered as spoils of war the German is inhabitants has only a few hours to pack today the enclave has almost a million almost exclusively Russian inhabitants, most of which are supplied from Moscow through of a railway line running through Lithuania and Belarus Kaliningrad remains one of the last great Russian ports on the Baltic Sea and above all, a forward base in the Western world, a strategic trump card for Russia, therefore vacationers are not welcome here on most beaches since 2015 Russian state cruise missiles with nuclear warheads have been simulated here more and more often swimming is strongly discouraged especially from the Baltic Sea is one of the most polluted seas in the world since World War II chemical weapons of all kinds have been lying on the bottom of the sea and dozens of wax from warships there are also chemicals and industrial waste being dumped here every day in fact um we found a lot of remnants of past wars in the Baltic Sea and that is why For us, mine clearance is a priority.
Ammunition that simply did not explode during the war and it is precisely this old ammunition that needs to be cleaned to move forward in the coming years, but ecological aspects are not the top priority in Russia Kaliningrad. the alleged threat posed by nato is too concerned here russia has justified increased militarization in the kaliningrad region with nato forces in three baltics and poland this is part of russian propaganda to claim the threat to kaliningrad from the West it is real and that Russia and Moscow must respond by tearing down the Wall and dissolving the Soviet Union, it seemed that the West had triumphed over Russian imperialism and the new borders were set in stone, some even spoke of the end of history but the reality was different the cold war was about the superiority of american and western military technology and many other things led to the fact that european countries assumed that a bigger war was probably not anymore most european states abolished general conscription and went to professional armies of a few tens of thousands of men.
They also dismantled all the infrastructure ure for conventional wars and this is what happened in Belgium Spain Slovenia Italy Poland Sweden Germany instead in this time of mutual trust the Council of the Baltic Sea States was founded, which is now chaired by Germany, with the aim of promoting identity of the region and stimulate trade from its inception, Russia had a permanent place in this body until its departure in May 2022. It was the dream of the medieval Hanseatic League to revitalize a union of commercial cities that for three centuries maintained prosperity and the balance in the whole region as far north as the heart of Russia, in fact, the situation 30 years ago in the Baltic region was very different from what we were just after. the end of the Cold War, the fall of the Iron Curtain and that is why the ostseeat was founded to spread democracy, peace, stability and human rights in the Baltic Sea region an ambitious energy project was developed The construction of Nord Stream is scheduled to start in 2005 and will supply Germany and parts of Europe with Russian gas The 1,200 kilometer pipeline runs through the depths of the Baltic Sea will open in 2011 and hardly anyone is questioning Europe's new dependence on Russian gas is trying was Prov ision you are active in these years France and all of Europe are obviously no longer afraid of Russia weira Wiki Freiberger The president of Latvia from 1999 to 2007 is uneasy about this I remember conversations with Mr.
Schirak I told him Mr. President You have a very romantic relationship idea of Russia He openly admitted that he was drawn to Russia by having the same notion of size and culture, and Mr.
Putin was able to capitalize on the fact that almost every time Iraq had met with n
Putin, he was closer to Russia than he was before the Baltic Sea countries sounded the alarm and are rarely heard as immediate neighbors Do you have deep personal experience with the Russians? I had a meeting with Mr.
Putin on neutral territory in Austria, he was skiing there with his family and at the same time he bought three fighter jets from the Austrian government in that first meeting he indicated that it was a great tragedy for him which is a great one between our countries I responded that the end of the Soviet Union may have seemed like a catastrophe, but for me and many of my compatriots it was the happiest day of our lives sometime in the 2000s as we focused on cooperation and brought together to all.
At the table, the Baltic Sea again became the site of geopolitical tensions where Russia met directly with the EU and NATO, which was the source of tensions. borders when the new ice age began. It st
arted in 2014 after the illegal annexation and occupation of Crimea by the Russian Federation and with the war in Don-Bass, as Russia supported the separatists and tough as you know. eight years now I would go even further back in time I was at NATO headqu
arters in 2008 when the war between Russia and Georgia st
arted, of course there were discussions about who provoked whom, but the Russian aggression towards neighboring countries was evident.
In 2008 and 2014, the European Union's response to Russian aggression was clearly too weak, even when it came to its energy ties. Imagine the current sanctions imposed during Russia's partial occupation of Georgia, showing for the first time that it was not bound by international law or its own signatures. respected treaties the result is, of course, that the aggressor sees that there are no real consequences and that gives the Russians the idea that we are going to take a few more friends the elite annexation the illegal annexation of Crimea was definitely a call from attention to my country, as well as to most other European countries and the Alliance in general Sweden Sweden, concerned about the events in Crimea, has made an important decision and has practically doubled its defense budget, now turning attention to the territorial defense 2015s 2015 haSweden, for example, decided to build two new submarines to patrol its eastern waters and the Baltic Sea.
Sweden had abolished general military service in 2010. Seven years later, it will be reintroduced. Main scene of the new confrontation, the Swedish island of Gotland. Russian planes penetrate regularly. the airspace over Gotland a Swede responds with a variety of shows of force has always been a strategic focal point in the Baltics whoever controls Gotland can influence both sea traffic and to some extent air traffic Gotland is within range of the Russian weapons systems in Kaliningrad and Depending on what weapons systems are on Gotland, you too can get to Kaliningrad. We believe that it was wrong that the island was demilitarizedearly 2000s at a time when there was general confidence that Russia really wanted to follow a democratic path, but such a decision was made. received very negatively on Gotland today Gotlanders appreciate the fact that the army has returned to the island civil society depends on us to defend it but in an emergency we also depend on the support of civil society since the invasion of Ukraine is a phenomenon to observe if in Sweden, Norway or Finland, territorial defense units have sprung up everywhere recruiting volunteers, armies can count on large numbers of citizens ready to fight.
My name is Christa Wingren, I am 56 years old and I am a secondary school teacher here on Gotland. My name is Julia and I am 22 years old after the invasion of Ukraine I have a feeling you can't just sit and do nothing country the national guard in a good country there are 350 soldiers we are divided into three companies our job is to protect important civilians and military objects another job is to keep an eye on who is on the island and report if we see things that are not normal, for example license plates that do not belong here, we know every tree and house here and we know most of the residents personally, all of Gutland, actually you were always a bit afraid of the russians the fear of the russians even has its own dictionary entry in sweden it's officially called respect sweden's dislike of russia and its expansion efforts is centuries old in the collective memory teaches above all an event the fear of the great northern war a conflict between Sweden and Russia and Peter the Great for years from 1720 onwards, who established victorious Russia as a paramount power in the Baltic Sea and a vital player in European affairs, another traumatic event for Finns was the Winter War of Stalin's November 1939 invasion of Finland is what Ukraine is experiencing today a reminder of what their grandparents experienced the fierce resistance of the Finns stunned the world at the moment 1 to 4 inferiors inflict a series of humiliating defeats on the Red Army after 100 days of fighting Finland has yet to accept a peace commitment given the Soviet superiority Finland has its sovereignty preserved but knows what to think of its neighbors so the term finnishing was invented during the Cold War the country declares its neutrality it is a real guarantee for Finland its long border with Russia obliges Finland not to challenge the neutrality of its neighbors is worth it Finland maintains a powerful army that never you know with your joining NATO the cards are now being rearranged to the chagrin of Russia 1300 km of border with Russia means that there are a lot of practical things that we exchange on interpersonal contacts mobility of Environment We are constantly exchanging views with Russia on this cooperation.
This cooperation had intensified since the end of the Cold War, actually during the Cold War. Even after the end of the Cold War, Finland never reduced its defense spending and never abolished conscription. , which is why we also have the strongest and most credible national defense team in the region today. Sure we are in the process of spending a lot of money to modernize our air force, but more importantly we have the ability to mobilize a trained reserve. With 280,000 troops, whether in Finland or the Baltic, the borders are well protected, but they are also fluid and do not always reflect the origins of the local population.
Millions of Russians who settled these areas during the Soviet Empire have remained in the old Russian city. Narva was divided in two, a sharp line separated them from R ussland to Estonia. It is a special city in a very special place on the border between two worlds. Narva is the gateway to Europe and at the same time a Russian-speaking city. It is the city with the most Russian-speaking inhabitants in the European Union A small minority 96% of the population of Narva speaks Russian It is important to understand that less than half of the residents of Narva are citizens of the Republic of Estonia Every third here is a citizen of the Russian Federation which also makes the city quite The politically complex mix in all the Baltic States burdens the problem of integration of Russian-speaking people Society They usually live in socially disadvantaged areas of the city.
It has always been a requirement and a desire of Russia to keep all Russian-speaking people in Europe in its information space, not just the two million Russians living in the Baltic States in Germany, for example, the However, the Russian state media influence is limited to the older ones, the younger ones have other sources of information, the people who came here in the Soviet era didn't even realize they were in another country, in fact many Russians still think that
Putin is a great guy, but not as many as before, the younger generation certainly doesn't see it that way, the biggest mistake we can make is to suspect anyone who speaks Russian of supporting the
Putin regime, which would be seriously damaging for the people. -interpersonal relationships here in Estonia and making that mistake we certainly don't make from Riga the capital of Latvia you can theoretically take the train to Moscow travel time 18.5 hours today there are about 450,000 Russian speakers with more than a million residents Latvians clashes are the order of the day at a community school in Riga a communication teacher nods my children have we won a contest we drew a fruit salad a bowl of apples pineapple kiwi and everything that goes with it there are so many ingredients and it all makes a salad which means everyone is valuable and together we create a new society our latvian society
putin's regime unjust or unacceptable, there are those who would also like to say it out loud, but are afraid that it will backfire on them and all russians here This is due to the general attitude towards Russians in Latvia 50,000 Russian-speaking people live in Finland whose ancestors emigrated from d the 18th century you can theoretically take a ship from the capital Helsinki to St Petersburg travel time 14 hours most of the russians living in Finland are middle class and moved to Finland for one reason or another fell in love, got married or we came here to work we will always be Russian in the Land we are close to Russia and of course the buses come here and most live a normal life in Finland unfortunately we are now witnessing an increase in racism towards Russians and people from speaking Russian in Finland in everyday life, tensions are building up like here in the Estonian capital Tallinn the bronze. memorial statue of Soviet soldiers who died in World War II was for the Russian-speaking population a symbol of victory over Nazism for the first time was a symbol of Soviet occupation, i.e. evil In 2007, the government decided attacking Russian soldiers from the The city center moves to a less exposed location in the military cemetery as a result of protests among Russian-speaking people across Europe who feel humiliated but tamper with work.
Naturally, the Russian government has seized the moment and has st
arted redistributive actions. selling the statue after the bronze soldier was removed violent clashes broke out and at exactly the same time cyber attacks st
arted the space well is you can infect computers from anywhere in the world the attacks seemed to come from all over the world but they were controlled by russia and were directed against Estonia The targets were the country's public services Parts of the railways Electricity and banking systems Attacks that were particularly effective because Estonia has gone completely digital in many areas In 1999, Prime Minister Mart Laab tasked his ministers to search for areas where Estonia could act as a service provider for others and at the same time generate more added value for our economy one of these areas was genetic engineering another one of digital technologies is a cyber attack against state institutions a violation of sovereignty national of new thinking and I am making decisions Asking allies for help Launching new policy initiatives in NATO and among our allies to better identify cyber threats and combat them effectively 2008 Cyber Defense Competence Center established in Tallinn in cooperation with NATO an international military organization to counter threats from Russia cyber attacks Estonia the first victim of cyber warfare became the world leader in digital defense modernity War can have a thousand faces Cyber attacks Disinformation but also corruption like in Finland has always had the experience that Russia tries to influence our policy and determine what and how the Finnish state decides what position we take so this is nothing new it is Russian money laundered in Finland we have to make sure that the Russians in Finland don't have to finance any politician or party there w To be very careful, the most famous case is the so-called irishton helmi case, where a Russian businessman named pavel meldikoff acquired islands and real estate near toko in 2018.
The police organized a huge operation involving 200 officers and representatives of the army and it was blocked for a few hours because it affects the whole world that something extraordinary happened it was clearly a politically motivated operation they wanted to get the message across to the Kremlin we know what is happening inside the Finnish borders we are closely monitoring what is happening here was a clear political signal I think it is in the proximity of deep water passages used by large ships, so they have significant strategic importance after the police operation it became known that they should have found several listening devices there this information still It is not confirmed, but what happened there points to the strategic some Impor region Eavesdropping on Finland and its neighbors The world was caught off guard in 2014 Russia seemed to dominate the entire sphere of information, it could direct world opinion at will and Western governments seemed to have no way to convince their citizens from what was actually happening the russians were really good today 2022 i am pleased to say that under the leadership of the united states with the help of excellent intelligence and the release of this information at the right time we beat russia in the information war the world believes that Russian embassies are more than the western world would have gained so much from Berlin to Stockholm from Riga to Helsinki from Tallinn to Vilnius the war seems far away the shores of the Baltic Sea lust for life vanilla ice cream and carefree fun on the beach but if you walk on a sandy beach or in a minefield then the unthinkable happens on February 24, 2022 I think that not only Europe but perhaps the whole world will speak of a time before and a time after February 24.
After February 24, we understood that on the Russian side there was probably never an intention to actively seek to contribute to peaceful solutions that we cannot trust a Russia under
Putin that has repeatedly shown what it is capable of recently with this brutal invasion of Ukraine also the contradictions show no respect for international treaties one cannot believe a word russia says it doesn't matter whether under a leader like stalin or a leader like
putin outrage from finland to germany from the baltic states to poland in the capital latvian riga, the russian embassy is no longer located on antonia street but on ukrainian independence street as it has been called since the war in ukraine was renamed, the economy shakes isolated R ussland and they rebuilt the Iron Curtain the countries bordering the Baltic Sea are finally turning to Europe and America and cutting off their connections with the Russian Federation now you are excluded from an economic area of more than 1.6 million square kilometers one can unfortunately double one you can easily do it let's say that contacts with Russia were suspended today we have no more contact with russian cities our ports are closed to russian ships we no longer buy products Russians meadows and banking are suspended Russia is more closed today than in Soviet times that the border was closed, many things came to a standstill for the people here today they are deprived of cheap alcohol, cheap cigarettes and cheap gasoline it is no longer a city bridge but a dead end in which Europe ends the war in Ukraine has brought about a big change in the identity of Narva, as it washes with it, only time can tell how well it will work out, indeed that was a big change in the politics of Germany, that after the Russian war of aggression we realized that what we have been doing up to now is not enough in terms of security policy, we, as the largest economy in Europe, also have to fulfill our responsibility in the area of security and well I am investing more in our armed forces in Berlin, the Bundeswehr is recruiting more and moremore new soldiers and, to be honest, I would not have thought in January that as a green politician I would say such phrases with such conviction, but the geopolitical situation has changed, we are threatened by our great neighbor to the east and we have to react appropriately and by that we also have to diversify our economic relations and work more closely with other countries in the world and that, in fact, is not easy for the German economy because there has been a very one-sided dependence on Russia there in recent years, especially in the sector energy Keywords Nord Stream and Nord Stream 2 the new gas pipeline launched in 2018 should double Germany's supply capacity with Russian gas we have our western friends, especially in Germany warned that This is not an economic project on the Russian side, it is a geopolitical project to ensure that Western Europe cannot do without Russian energy and that we must buy it, whatever the cost, politic ethical, military or otherwise, it is quite clear that Nord Stream 2 was a strategic mistake, we as Greens, to whom I belong, have always been critical of this project and I also believe that those who pushed the project have now also arrived to the conclusion that it was strategically a mistake in judgment to trust Russia. the power supply is so dependent that it is now causing a lot of stranded assets investments literally submerged in the Baltic Sea which is really unfortunate the construction of Nord Stream 2 will be completed in September 2021 the euphoria lasts for a few days after the invasion Ukraine will face the first sanctions and Nord Stream 2 AG will have to file for bankruptcy.
Europe basically got addicted like an addict to the constant flow of cheap Russian drugs and now we are in withdrawal, which will be difficult, long and expensive. Solve the project. solidarity and prosperous Baltic Sea a new Hanseatic League in the air The Council of the Baltic Sea States has had no difficulties in trying to establish a joint dialogue, especially with Russia with the war in Ukraine that all broke up the member states have decided to suspend The Russia's rights as a member until further notice and Belarus in its rights as an observer instead of the end of history not yet in sight June 21, 2022 Lithuania blocks cargo traffic between Moscow and Kaliningrad Russia threatens countermeasures who knows what The state the world will be in a few months will be the accession of Sweden to NATO and Finland for the spark Will the three Baltic states be able to retain their sovereignty?
Will the protection of the Russian-speaking population in Europe become a pretext for further intervention by the Kremlin? coal power plants and nuclear power plants, a green economy. Above all, the region will return to stability and relaxation if it ever resumes dialogue with Russia, which today is a big missing piece in the Baltic puzzle.